Gender Moderates the Association of Depressive Symptoms to Sexual Risk Behavior Among HIV-Positive African-American Outpatients

Jacklyn D. Babowitch, Peter A Vanable, Michael P. Carey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous research has reported an association between depressive symptoms and sexual risk behavior. The purpose of this study was to explore whether gender moderates this association in a sample of HIV-positive African-Americans. Participants (N = 93) self-reported depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale; CES-D), and sexual risk behavior for the past 4 months. Analyses revealed that the depressive symptoms-by-gender interaction was associated with condomless sex and substance use proximal to sex. When analyses were stratified by gender, depressive symptoms were associated with condomless sex and frequency of substance use only for women. We conclude that depressive symptoms may be a more powerful sexual risk factor among women relative to men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS and Behavior
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 28 2017

Keywords

  • African-American
  • Depressive symptoms
  • HIV
  • Sexual risk
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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