Gender Inequalities in the Education of the Second Generation in Western Countries

Fenella Fleischmann, Cornelia Kristen, Anthony F. Heath, Yaël Brinbaum, Patrick Deboosere, Nadia Granato, Jan O. Jonsson, Elina Kilpi-Jakonen, Georg Lorenz, Amy C. Lutz, David Mos, Raya Mutarrak, Karen Phalet, Catherine Rothon, Frida Rudolphi, Herman G. van de Werfhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Drawing on comparative analyses from nine Western countries, we ask whether local-born children from a wide range of immigrant groups show patterns of female advantage in education that are similar to those prevalent in their host Western societies. We consider five outcomes throughout the educational career: test scores or grades at age 15, continuation after compulsory schooling, choice of academic track in upper-secondary education, completion of upper secondary, and completion of tertiary education. Despite great variation in gender gaps in education in immigrants' origin countries (with advantages for males in many cases), we find that the female advantage in education observed among the majority population is usually present among second-generation immigrants. We interpret these findings in light of ideas about gender role socialization and immigrant selectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-170
Number of pages28
JournalSociology of Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • comparative analyses
  • educational inequality
  • gender
  • immigrants
  • second generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science


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