Gender gaps and reentry into entrepreneurial ecosystems after business failure

Sharon A. Simmons, Johan Wiklund, Jonathan Levie, Steve W. Bradley, Sanwar A. Sunny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Despite the significant role played by serial entrepreneurs in the entrepreneurial process, we know little about group differences in reentry decisions after business failure. Using an ecosystem framework and stigma theory, we investigate the variance in gender gaps related to the reentry decisions of 8171 entrepreneurs from 35 countries who experienced business failures. We find evidence of persisting gender gaps that vary across ecosystem framework conditions of public stigma of business failure and public fear of business failure. Our findings shed new light on ecosystem inefficiencies that arise from multiple interactions between entrepreneurs and institutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-531
Number of pages15
JournalSmall Business Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 15 2019


  • Business failure
  • Ecosystems
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Fear of failure
  • Gender
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics


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