FusionNet: An Unsupervised Convolutional Variational Network for Hyperspectral and Multispectral Image Fusion

Zhengjue Wang, Bo Chen, Ruiying Lu, Hao Zhang, Hongwei Liu, Pramod K. Varshney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


Due to hardware limitations of the imaging sensors, it is challenging to acquire images of high resolution in both spatial and spectral domains. Fusing a low-resolution hyperspectral image (LR-HSI) and a high-resolution multispectral image (HR-MSI) to obtain an HR-HSI in an unsupervised manner has drawn considerable attention. Though effective, most existing fusion methods are limited due to the use of linear parametric modeling for the spectral mixture process, and even the deep learning-based methods only focus on deterministic fully-connected networks without exploiting the spatial correlation and local spectral structures of the images. In this paper, we propose a novel variational probabilistic autoencoder framework implemented by convolutional neural networks, in order to fuse the spatial and spectral information contained in the LR-HSI and HR-MSI, called FusionNet. The FusionNet consists of a spectral generative network, a spatial-dependent prior network, and a spatial-spectral variational inference network, which are jointly optimized in an unsupervised manner, leading to an end-to-end fusion system. Further, for fast adaptation to different observation scenes, we give a meta-learning explanation to the fusion problem, and combine the FusionNet with meta-learning in a synergistic manner. Effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method are evaluated based on several publicly available datasets, demonstrating that the proposed FusionNet outperforms the state-of-the-art fusion methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9127776
Pages (from-to)7565-7577
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Image Processing
StatePublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Hyperspectral images
  • convolutional neural network
  • image fusion
  • meta-learning
  • multispectral images
  • probabilistic generative model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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