Fundamentals of bionanocomposites

Rajesh K. Saini, Anil K. Bajpai, Era Jain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bionanocomposites are unique category of materials, designed from natural biodegradable polymers and organic/inorganic fillers existing at the nanometer scale. These materials can be used as promising hybrid materials for numerous biomedical applications that include drug delivery, biosensors, and tissue engineering where they are intended to function up to a predetermined time period and designed to disappear from the body after use. The major cause of versatile nature of these materials is due to availability of a large variety of biopolymers and fillers and ease of their processing. They form a fascinating interdisciplinary area that brings together biology, materials science, and nanotechnology and provide plausible solutions to various diseases and physiological disorders. This chapter discusses advancing current efforts and key research challenges in the development of these materials for use in potential biomedical applications. This chapter also discusses dynamics of in vitro degradation of biopolymers and highlights some specific areas where bionanocomposites find vital use and their regulated biodegradation helps in augmenting their efficiency and performance. This chapter will also explore the new avenues of bionanointerfaces where bionanocomposites may be exploited to address certain unanswered issues that are pertaining to complex diseases such as cancers, tumors, and other cellular disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites
Subtitle of host publicationProcessing, Properties and Applications
PublisherElsevier
Pages351-377
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9780081009703
ISBN (Print)9780081010587
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Ceramic-matrix nanocomposites
  • Composite materials
  • Metal-matrix nanocomposites
  • Polybutylene succinate
  • Polyvinyl alcohol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Saini, R. K., Bajpai, A. K., & Jain, E. (2017). Fundamentals of bionanocomposites. In Biodegradable and Biocompatible Polymer Composites: Processing, Properties and Applications (pp. 351-377). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100970-3.00012-2