Fundamental clinical skills of adult cardiopulmonary bypass: results of the 2017 national survey

Bruce Searles, Edward Darling, Jeffrey Riley, Jason R. Wiles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Introduction: Training students to become entry-level perfusionists requires evaluation and assessment of their clinical skills. While our professional organizations have compiled resources which identify the profession’s knowledge base and categorical skills applied to clinical practice, these resources are lacking the necessary detail to develop validated clinical assessment rubrics. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to identify, through expert opinion, the detailed fundamental skills necessary to perform adult cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods: We define a fundamental skill based upon frequency of use and risk of harm. A skill that experts report is conducted in >50% of their CPB cases – and, if not properly conducted, can cause harm, is deemed a fundamental skill. To identify these skills, a 73-question survey was developed and posted on PerfList and PerfMail from May 2017 to July 2017. Results: The results from 261 respondents were analyzed. The demographics of the participants were representative of the workforce. Twenty skills were surveyed and all 20 met the criteria to be identified as a fundamental skill. Data regarding the actions, assessments and behaviors that may be associated with fundamental skills were also identified. Conclusions: Based upon this survey data, we have identified that there is consensus within our profession regarding the fundamental skills of adult CPB and a core body of actions, assessments and behaviors that experts perform when conducting these skills. This information may be incorporated into the entry-level educational process to inform curricula and design valid assessment rubrics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-296
Number of pages7
JournalPerfusion (United Kingdom)
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 1 2019


  • assessment
  • competency
  • education
  • simulation
  • skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Safety Research
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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