From conservation to crowdsourcing: A typology of citizen science

Andrea Wiggins, Kevin G Crowston

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

255 Scopus citations

Abstract

Citizen science is a form of research collaboration involving members of the public in scientific research projects to address real-world problems. Often organized as a virtual collaboration, these projects are a type of open movement, with collective goals addressed through open participation in research tasks. Existing typologies of citizen science projects focus primarily on the structure of participation, paying little attention to the organizational and macrostructural properties that are important to designing and managing effective projects and technologies. By examining a variety of project characteristics, we identified five types - Action, Conservation, Investigation, Virtual, and Education - that differ in primary project goals and the importance of physical environment to participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Event44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS-44 2010 - Koloa, Kauai, HI, United States
Duration: Jan 4 2011Jan 7 2011

Other

Other44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS-44 2010
CountryUnited States
CityKoloa, Kauai, HI
Period1/4/111/7/11

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Wiggins, A., & Crowston, K. G. (2011). From conservation to crowdsourcing: A typology of citizen science. In Proceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences [5718708] https://doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2011.207