The relative contributions of various regions of the frequency spectrum to speech recognition were assessed with a correlational method [K. A. Doherty and C. W. Turner, J. Acoust. Sec. Am. 100, 3769-3773 (1996)]. The speech materials employed were the 258-item set of the Nonsense Syllable Test. The speech was filtered into four frequency bands and a random level of noise was added to each band on each trial. A point biserial correlation was computed between the signal-to-noise ratio in each band on the trials and the listener's responses, and these correlations were then taken as estimates of the relative weights for each frequency band. When the four bands were presented separately, the correlations for each band were approximately equal; however:, when the four bands were presented in combination, the correlations were quite different from one another, implying that in the broadband case listeners relied much more on some bands than on others. It is hypothesized that these differences reflect the way in which listeners combine and attend to speech information across various frequency regions. The frequency-weighting functions as determined by this method were highly similar across all subjects, suggesting that normal-hearing listeners use similar frequency-weighting strategies in recognizing speech.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics