Free-living activity counts-derived breaks in sedentary time: Are they real transitions from sitting to standing?

Tiago V. Barreira, Theodore W. Zderic, John M. Schuna, Marc T. Hamilton, Catrine Tudor-Locke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous research has demonstrated a link between free-living accelerometer-measured breaks in sedentary time and health related variables. Breaks in sedentary time are typically inferred from time-stamped accelerometer data indicating a transition from lack of movement (recording of <100 activity counts/min) to relatively more movement (≥100 activity counts/min). However, it remains unknown whether these breaks actually represent sit-to-stand postural transitions in free-living. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare free-living accelerometer-derived and posture-derived estimates of breaks in sedentary time using the ActiGraph GT3X+ (AG) and the activPAL™ (AP), respectively. Methods: A total of 15 participants concurrently wore an AG at their waist and an AP on their right thigh for 7 consecutive days (24 h/day - removing them only when in contact with water). Data from both devices were matched on minute-by-minute timestamps while also applying a 3-min allowance window to account for clock drift. Dependent t-test was used to evaluate differences in mean breaks between AG and AP. Results: The AG detected 74 ± 4.1 breaks/day (mean ± SEM) while the AP detected 39 ± 3.1 breaks/day (P< 0.001). On average, the AG detected 67% of the AP breaks while 65% of the AG breaks did not correspond with AP breaks. Of the non-corresponding AG breaks, 52% occurred when participants were sitting, 42% when standing, and 6% when transitioning from standing to sitting. Conclusion: The AG detected a significantly higher number of breaks in sedentary time, the majority of which do not correspond to sit-to-stand transitions as measured by the AP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)70-72
Number of pages3
JournalGait and Posture
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Agreement
  • Posture
  • Sitting
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

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