Fractal aggregation of active particles

M. Paoluzzi, M. Leoni, M Cristina Marchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We study active run-and-tumble particles in two dimensions with an additional two-state internal variable characterizing their motile or nonmotile state. Motile particles change irreversibly into nonmotile ones upon collision with a nonmotile particle. The system evolves towards an absorbing state where all particles are nonmotile. We initialize the system with one nonmotile particle in a bath of motile ones and study numerically the kinetics of relaxation to the absorbing state and its structure as a function of the density of the initial bath of motile particles and of their tumbling rate. We find a crossover from fractal aggregates at low density to homogeneous ones at high density. The persistence of single-particle dynamics as quantified by the tumbling rate pushes this crossover to a higher density and can be used to tune the porosity of the aggregate. At the lowest density the fractal dimension of the aggregate approaches that obtained in single-particle diffusion-limited aggregation. Our results could be exploited for the design of structures of desired porosity. The model is a first step towards the study of the collective dynamics of active particles that can exchange biological information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number052603
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume98
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 7 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Paoluzzi, M., Leoni, M., & Marchetti, M. C. (2018). Fractal aggregation of active particles. Physical Review E, 98(5), [052603]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.98.052603