Formation of monofunctional cisplatin-DNA adducts in carbonate buffer

Alexandra Binter, Jerry Goodisman, James C. Dabrowiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Carbonate in its various forms is an important component in blood and the cytosol. Since, under conditions that simulate therapy, carbonate reacts with cisplatin to form carbonato complexes, one of which is taken up and/or modified by the cell [C.R. Centerwall, J. Goodisman, D.J. Kerwood, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 127 (2005) 12768-12769], cisplatin-carbonato complexes may be important in the mechanism of action of cisplatin. In this report we study the binding of cisplatin to pBR322 DNA in two different buffers, using gel electrophoresis. In 23.8 mM HEPES, N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperazine-N′-2-ethanesulfonic acid, 5 mM NaCl, pH 7.4 buffer, cisplatin produces aquated species, which react with DNA to unwind supercoiled Form I DNA, increasing its mobility, and reducing the binding of ethidium to DNA. This behavior is consistent with the formation of the well-known intrastrand crosslink on DNA. In 23.8 mM carbonate buffer, 5 mM NaCl, pH 7.4, cisplatin forms carbonato species that produce DNA-adducts which do not significantly change supercoiling but enhance binding of ethidium to DNA. This behavior is consistent with the formation of a monofunctional cisplatin adduct on DNA. These results show that aquated cisplatin and carbonato complexes of cisplatin produce different types of lesions on DNA and they underscore the importance of carrying out binding studies with cisplatin and DNA using conditions that approximate those found in the cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1219-1224
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2006


  • Binding
  • Carbonate
  • Cisplatin
  • Monofunctional
  • Supercoiled DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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