Forest soil sulfur in the Adirondack Mountains: Response to chemical manipulations

Myron J. Mitchell, Robert C. Santore, Charles T. Driscoll, Bhesh R. Dhamala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Chemical manipulations were conducted on plots during the growing seasons from 1991 through 1993 in four forest ecosystems (Woods Lake [WL], Pancake-Hall Creek [PHC], Huntington Forest [HF], and Pack Forest [PF]) in the Adirondack Mountains of New York. Sulfate was added as (NH4)2SO4 (all sites at 1000 and 2000 molc ha-1 yr-1), H2SO4 (WL and HF at 1000 molc ha-1 yr-1), or (Ca,Mg)SO4 (WL and HF at 1000 molc ha-1 yr-1). At WL and HF additional sets of plots were also treated with HNO3 (1000 molc ha-1 yr-1). Soil solutions were sampled at 15 and 50-cm depths. Changes in the S constituents of the soil were evaluated by buried mineral soil bags installed below the forest floor. Additions of SO42- increased solution SO42- and total S and phosphate-extractable SO42- in soil. Although organic S constituted >71% of the total soil S, no treatment effects on organic S were found. The response of SO42- was not influenced by the form of addition. Extractable sulfate and soil solution SO42- both increased with increases of (NH4)2SO4. For the three hardwood sites (WL, PHC, and HF), there was a positive relationship (P<0.05) between soil solution SO42- concentration at 15 cm and extractable SO42- in soil bags, suggesting that these Haplorthod soils responded similarly to S inputs. For the Typic Udipsamment at PF, beneath red pine (Pinus resinosa Aiton), no such relationship was found. The similarity of response of Haplorthod soils suggests that similar soils across the Adirondack Mountains will show synchronous responses to S inputs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-280
Number of pages9
JournalSoil Science Society of America Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science


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