Fish Oil Improves Offspring Metabolic Health of Paternal Obese Mice by Targeting Adipose Tissue

Mariana I. Pérez Lugo, Melanie L. Salas, Akriti Shrestha, Latha Ramalingam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Obesity is a fast-growing epidemic affecting more than 40% of the US population and leads to co-morbidities such as type 2 diabetes and cancer. More importantly, there is a rapid increase in childhood obesity associated with obesity in parents. Further, offspring are encoded with approximately half of their genetic information from the paternal side. Obesity in fathers at the preconceptional period likely influences the intergenerational development of obesity. This study focuses on the role of fish oil supplementation as a non-pharmacological intervention in fathers and its impact on childhood obesity using animal models. Male mice were fed a low-fat diet or high-fat diet with or without fish oil for 10 weeks and mated with female mice on a chow diet. Offspring were then continued on a chow diet until 8 or 16 weeks. In vivo insulin tolerance was tested to assess the metabolic health of offspring. Further, adipose tissue was harvested upon sacrifice, and genetic markers of inflammation and lipid metabolism in the tissue were analyzed. Offspring of males supplemented with fish oil showed lower body weight, improved insulin tolerance, and altered inflammatory markers. Markers of fatty acid oxidation were higher, while markers of fatty acid synthesis were lower in offspring of fathers fed fish oil. This supports fish oil as an accessible intervention to improve offspring metabolic health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number418
JournalBiomolecules
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • fish oil
  • omega-3s
  • paternal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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