Field, geochemical, and isotopic evidence for magma mixing and assimilation and fractional crystallization processes in the Quottoon Igneous Complex, northwestern British Columbia and southeastern Alaska

Jay Thomas, A. K. Sinha

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The quartz dioritic Quottoon Igneous Complex (QIC) is a major Paleogene (65-56 Ma) magmatic body in northwestern British Columbia and southeastern Alaska that was emplaced along the Coast shear zone. The QIC contains two different igneous suites that provide information about source regions and magmatic processes. Heterogeneous suite I rocks (e.g., along Steamer Passage) have a pervasive solid-state fabric, abundant mafic enclaves and late-stage dikes, metasedimentary screens, and variable color indices (25-20). The homogeneous suite II rocks (e.g., along Quottoon Inlet) have a weak fabric developed in the magmatic state (aligned feldspars, melt-filled shears) and more uniform color indices (24-34) than in suite I. Suite I rocks have Sr concentrations 87Sr/86Sr ratios that range from 0.70513 to 0.70717. The suite II rocks have Sr concentrations >750 ppm, average La(N)/Yb(N) = 23, and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios that range from 0.70617 to 0.70686. This study suggests that the parental QIC magma (initial 87Sr/86Sr ~ 0.706) can be derived by partial melting of an amphibolitic source reservoir at lower crustal conditions. Geochemical data (Rb, Sr, Ba, and La(N)/Yb(N)) and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios preclude linkages between the two suites by fractional crystallization or assimilation and fractional crystallization processes. The suite I rocks are interpreted to be the result of magma mixing between the QIC parental magma and a mantle-derived magma. The suite II rocks are a result of assimilation and fractional crystallization processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-831
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume36
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1999
Externally publishedYes

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fractional crystallization
magma
rock
enclave
Paleogene
partial melting
shear zone
assimilation
dike
melt
quartz
mantle
coast

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "The quartz dioritic Quottoon Igneous Complex (QIC) is a major Paleogene (65-56 Ma) magmatic body in northwestern British Columbia and southeastern Alaska that was emplaced along the Coast shear zone. The QIC contains two different igneous suites that provide information about source regions and magmatic processes. Heterogeneous suite I rocks (e.g., along Steamer Passage) have a pervasive solid-state fabric, abundant mafic enclaves and late-stage dikes, metasedimentary screens, and variable color indices (25-20). The homogeneous suite II rocks (e.g., along Quottoon Inlet) have a weak fabric developed in the magmatic state (aligned feldspars, melt-filled shears) and more uniform color indices (24-34) than in suite I. Suite I rocks have Sr concentrations 87Sr/86Sr ratios that range from 0.70513 to 0.70717. The suite II rocks have Sr concentrations >750 ppm, average La(N)/Yb(N) = 23, and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios that range from 0.70617 to 0.70686. This study suggests that the parental QIC magma (initial 87Sr/86Sr ~ 0.706) can be derived by partial melting of an amphibolitic source reservoir at lower crustal conditions. Geochemical data (Rb, Sr, Ba, and La(N)/Yb(N)) and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios preclude linkages between the two suites by fractional crystallization or assimilation and fractional crystallization processes. The suite I rocks are interpreted to be the result of magma mixing between the QIC parental magma and a mantle-derived magma. The suite II rocks are a result of assimilation and fractional crystallization processes.",
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N2 - The quartz dioritic Quottoon Igneous Complex (QIC) is a major Paleogene (65-56 Ma) magmatic body in northwestern British Columbia and southeastern Alaska that was emplaced along the Coast shear zone. The QIC contains two different igneous suites that provide information about source regions and magmatic processes. Heterogeneous suite I rocks (e.g., along Steamer Passage) have a pervasive solid-state fabric, abundant mafic enclaves and late-stage dikes, metasedimentary screens, and variable color indices (25-20). The homogeneous suite II rocks (e.g., along Quottoon Inlet) have a weak fabric developed in the magmatic state (aligned feldspars, melt-filled shears) and more uniform color indices (24-34) than in suite I. Suite I rocks have Sr concentrations 87Sr/86Sr ratios that range from 0.70513 to 0.70717. The suite II rocks have Sr concentrations >750 ppm, average La(N)/Yb(N) = 23, and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios that range from 0.70617 to 0.70686. This study suggests that the parental QIC magma (initial 87Sr/86Sr ~ 0.706) can be derived by partial melting of an amphibolitic source reservoir at lower crustal conditions. Geochemical data (Rb, Sr, Ba, and La(N)/Yb(N)) and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios preclude linkages between the two suites by fractional crystallization or assimilation and fractional crystallization processes. The suite I rocks are interpreted to be the result of magma mixing between the QIC parental magma and a mantle-derived magma. The suite II rocks are a result of assimilation and fractional crystallization processes.

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