Fibrinogen α-chain-derived peptide is upregulated in hippocampus of rats exposed to acute morphine injection and spontaneous alternation testing

Agatha E. Maki, Kenneth A. Morris, Kasia Catherman, Xian Chen, Nathan G. Hatcher, Paul Ernest Gold, Jonathan V. Sweedler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Fibrinogen is a secreted glycoprotein that is synthesized in the liver, although recent in situ hybridization data support its expression in the brain. It is involved in blood clotting and is released in the brain upon injury. Here, we report changes in the extracellular levels of fibrinogen α-chain-derived peptides in the brain after injections of saline and morphine. More specifically, in order to assess hippocampus-related working memory, an approach pairing in vivo microdialysis with mass spectrometry was used to characterize extracellular peptide release from the hippocampus of rats in response to saline or morphine injection coupled with a spontaneous alternation task. Two fibrinopeptide A-related peptides derived from the fibrinogen α-chain – fibrinopeptide A (ADTGTTSEFIEAGGDIR) and a fibrinopeptide A-derived peptide (DTGTTSEFIEAGGDIR) – were shown to be consistently elevated in the hippocampal microdialysate. Fibrinopeptide A was significantly upregulated in rats exposed to morphine and spontaneous alternation testing compared with rats exposed to saline and spontaneous alternation testing (P < 0.001), morphine alone (P < 0.01), or saline alone (P < 0.01), respectively. The increase in fibrinopeptide A in rats subjected to morphine and a memory task suggests that a complex interaction between fibrinogen and morphine takes place in the hippocampus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00037
JournalPharmacology Research and Perspectives
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014



  • Fibrinogen
  • Fibrinogen α-chain peptides
  • fibrinopeptide A
  • hippocampus
  • in vivo microdialysis
  • mass spectrometry
  • morphine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Neurology

Cite this