Previous research has examined determinants of the living arrangements and the informal-care arrangements of older women; research on care arrangements has often taken living arrangements as given. Here we consider each separately, then go on to analyze the simultaneous determinants of living and care arrangements. Factors influencing these outcomes can be categorized as indicators of opportunities, resources, needs, or preferences. Of particular interest is the extent to which kin availability - specifically, the existence of living children - constrains opportunities, the role of financial resources, and the consequences of needs as revealed by levels of physical and mental disability. Our analysis consists of multinomial-logit models estimated with data from the 1982 National Long-Term Care Survey. The results indicate the importance of kin availability, with striking differences in the living and care arrangements between childless and other older women. Among those with children, there are less striking but consistent differences according to the number and sex composition of living children. Finally, variables representing needs for care are generally the strongest predictors of all the outcomes analyzed.
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