Factors contributing to the amount of vehicular damage resulting from collisions between four-wheel drive vehicles and passenger cars

Robert W. Broyles, S. Ross Clarke, Lutchmie Narine, Daryl R. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the vehicular damage resulting from motor vehicle crashes involving four-wheel drive vehicles and passenger cars in the state of Oklahoma. In particular, the focus of the analysis is on differences in vehicular damage to passenger cars and four-wheel drive vehicles. Results indicate that passenger cars sustain significantly greater vehicular damage than four-wheel drive vehicles. In addition, several other factors significantly influence the level of damage resulting from collisions between four-wheel drive vehicles and passenger cars. Driver behavior or unsafe acts, represented by the rate of travel prior to the collision, failure to yield, failure to obey a stoplight or a stop sign, the consumption of alcohol and the use of drugs, also contributed to the amount of vehicular damage. In addition, results also indicate that the level of damage was influenced significantly by environmental factors, represented by a reduced intensity of light, wet or slippery roadways and the type of collision. The findings reinforce the importance of a number of policy initiatives that may reduce the vehicular damage resulting from collisions involving four-wheel drive vehicles and passenger cars. For example, the study indicates a need to initiate legislation that lowers the speed limit during dark and twilight hours, commits additional resources to road maintenance to reduce unsafe road conditions, and stimulates improvements in automotive design that provide better lateral protection to vehicles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-678
Number of pages6
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crash types
  • Damage severity
  • Four-wheel drive vehicles
  • Lateral impact
  • Motor vehicle crash
  • Passenger cars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Factors contributing to the amount of vehicular damage resulting from collisions between four-wheel drive vehicles and passenger cars'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this