Extracurricular Activities and Disadvantaged Youth: A Complicated—But Promising—Story

Ryan D. Heath, Charity Anderson, Ashley Cureton Turner, Charles M. Payne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Increased political and research interest in extracurricular activities stems, in part, from the claim that these programs especially benefit disadvantaged youth. However, little literature has synthesized studies across types of disadvantage to assess this claim. This article reviews research on disadvantaged youth in extracurricular programs, including differences by gender, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and immigrant status. Our review reveals a promising, if complicated, picture. Although disadvantaged youth are less likely to participate in extracurricular activities, they often experience greater benefits, depending on the risk status and activity type. Evidence clearly supports expanding access to extracurricular programs for disadvantaged youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1415-1449
Number of pages35
JournalUrban Education
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • afterschool programs
  • community schools
  • disadvantaged youth
  • extended learning time
  • extracurricular activities
  • out-of-school time
  • youth development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Urban Studies


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