Extracellular levels of glucose in the hippocampus and striatum during maze training for food or water reward in male rats

C. J. Scavuzzo, L. A. Newman, P. E. Gold, D. L. Korol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Glucose potently enhances cognitive functions whether given systemically or directly to the brain. The present experiments examined changes in brain extracellular glucose levels while rats were trained to solve hippocampus-sensitive place or striatum-sensitive response learning tasks for food or water reward. Because there were no task-related differences in glucose responses, the glucose results were pooled across tasks to form combined trained groups. During the first 1−3 min of training for food reward, glucose levels in extracellular fluid (ECF) declined significantly in the hippocampus and striatum; the declines were not seen in untrained, rewarded rats. When trained for water reward, similar decreases were observed in both brain areas, but these findings were less consistent than those seen with food rewards. After the initial declines in ECF glucose levels, glucose increased in most groups, approaching asymptotic levels ∼15−30 min into training. Compared to untrained food controls, training with food reward resulted in significant glucose increases in the hippocampus but not striatum; striatal glucose levels exhibited large increases to food intake in both trained and untrained groups. In rats trained to find water, glucose levels increased significantly above the values seen in untrained rats in both hippocampus and striatum. The decreases in glucose early in training might reflect an increase in brain glucose consumption, perhaps triggering increased brain uptake of glucose from blood, as evident in the increases in glucose later in training. The increased brain uptake of glucose may provide additional neuronal metabolic substrate for metabolism or provide astrocytic substrate for production of glycogen and lactate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113385
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
StatePublished - Aug 6 2021


  • Glucose
  • Hippocampus
  • Multiple memory systems
  • Place learning
  • Response learning
  • Striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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