External financing and the survival of black-owned start-ups in the US

Yunwei Gai, Maria Minniti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Since black-owned businesses tend to have access to lower informal financing, we hypothesize that, obtaining commercial financing should play a compensating role and have a stronger marginal effect on black-owned businesses than on businesses owned by other racial groups. Unexpectedly, we find that, while the use of commercial financing reduces the exit rates of new firms in general, the reduction is not significantly different across racial groups. We attribute this result to unobserved heterogeneity linked, at least in part, to the owner's start-up capital and to other beneficial externalities that access to informal investors produces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-410
Number of pages24
JournalEastern Economic Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 29 2015


  • entrepreneurship
  • financing
  • minorities
  • start-ups
  • survival model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics


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