Saposin B (SapB) is a human lysosomal protein, critical for the degradation of O-sulfogalactosylceramide (sulfatide). SapB binds sulfatide and presents it to the active site of the enzyme arylsulfatase A. Deficiency of SapB leads to fatal activator-deficient metachromatic leukodystrophy. Given the conformational flexibility and the large hydrophobic "pocket" produced upon (physiologically relevant) homodimerization, SapB may have broader substrate diversity than originally thought. Herein, we present evidence using fluorescence spectroscopy and computational docking studies that SapB binds a wide variety of ligands at KD values varying from micromolar to nanomolar, with entropy being the primary driving force. We further demonstrate, for the first time, that SapB has two binding sites that can sequentially (and in a preferred order) accommodate up to two ligands at once.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)