Experimental determination of H2O loss from melt inclusions during laboratory heating

Evidence from Raman spectroscopy

M. J. Severs, T. Azbej, Jay Thomas, C. W. Mandeville, R. J. Bodnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments have been conducted to quantify H2O loss from melt inclusions during laboratory heating using Raman spectroscopy. Quartz-hosted melt inclusions from the early-erupted plinian stage of the Bishop Tuff were heated to 800 °C and 1 kbar for 4 to 1512 h (63 days). Previous studies had shown that unheated melt inclusions from this unit of the Bishop Tuff contain 4.8-6.5 wt.% H2O. Many Bishop Tuff melt inclusions fluoresce under visible (514 nm) Raman excitation. To minimize fluorescence interference, a method was developed to analyze silicate glasses and melt inclusions using an UV (244 nm) excitation source. The Raman microprobe was calibrated using silicate glass standards with known H2O contents, and the results indicate that the UV excitation data produce a calibration line with a different slope compared to that produced using visible excitation. The inclusions show insignificant H2O loss when heated for less than 12 h, while approximately 75% of the original H2O was lost after 1512 h. The rate of H2O loss decreases after a few hundred hours, suggesting either a change in H2O speciation or in the mechanism of H2O loss. Our results suggest that most silicic melt inclusions maintain their original H2O concentration if they are not heated for more than about 12 h during laboratory studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-371
Number of pages14
JournalChemical Geology
Volume237
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2007
Externally publishedYes

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melt inclusion
Raman spectroscopy
heating
Heating
tuff
Silicates
silicate
glass
Glass
Quartz
loss
laboratory
fluorescence
quartz
calibration
Fluorescence
Calibration
experiment

Keywords

  • Bishop Tuff
  • Melt inclusions
  • Microthermometry
  • UV Raman
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Experimental determination of H2O loss from melt inclusions during laboratory heating : Evidence from Raman spectroscopy. / Severs, M. J.; Azbej, T.; Thomas, Jay; Mandeville, C. W.; Bodnar, R. J.

In: Chemical Geology, Vol. 237, No. 3-4, 05.03.2007, p. 358-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Severs, M. J. ; Azbej, T. ; Thomas, Jay ; Mandeville, C. W. ; Bodnar, R. J. / Experimental determination of H2O loss from melt inclusions during laboratory heating : Evidence from Raman spectroscopy. In: Chemical Geology. 2007 ; Vol. 237, No. 3-4. pp. 358-371.
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