Expanding the scope of memory search: Modeling intralist and interlist effects in free recall

Lynn Lohnas, Sean M. Polyn, Michael J. Kahana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The human memory system is remarkable in its capacity to focus its search on items learned in a given context. This capacity can be so precise that many leading models of human memory assume that only those items learned in the context of a recently studied list compete for recall. We sought to extend the explanatory scope of these models to include not only intralist phenomena, such as primacy and recency effects, but also interlist phenomena such as proactive and retroactive interference. Building on retrieved temporal context models of memory search (e.g., Polyn, Norman, & Kahana, 2009), we present a substantially revised theory in which memory accumulates across multiple experimental lists, and temporal context is used both to focus retrieval on a target list, and to censor retrieved information when its match to the current context indicates that it was learned in a nontarget list. We show how the resulting model can simultaneously account for a wide range of intralist and interlist phenomena, including the pattern of prior-list intrusions observed in free recall, build-up of and release from proactive interference, and the ability to selectively target retrieval of items on specific prior lists (Jang & Huber, 2008; Shiffrin, 1970). In a new experiment, we verify that subjects' error monitoring processes are consistent with those predicted by the model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-363
Number of pages27
JournalPsychological Review
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aptitude

Keywords

  • Context
  • Free recall
  • List before last
  • Memory
  • Model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Expanding the scope of memory search : Modeling intralist and interlist effects in free recall. / Lohnas, Lynn; Polyn, Sean M.; Kahana, Michael J.

In: Psychological Review, Vol. 122, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 337-363.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lohnas, Lynn ; Polyn, Sean M. ; Kahana, Michael J. / Expanding the scope of memory search : Modeling intralist and interlist effects in free recall. In: Psychological Review. 2015 ; Vol. 122, No. 2. pp. 337-363.
@article{c708a1dcd9084eeba88f2e70a3c0937a,
title = "Expanding the scope of memory search: Modeling intralist and interlist effects in free recall",
abstract = "The human memory system is remarkable in its capacity to focus its search on items learned in a given context. This capacity can be so precise that many leading models of human memory assume that only those items learned in the context of a recently studied list compete for recall. We sought to extend the explanatory scope of these models to include not only intralist phenomena, such as primacy and recency effects, but also interlist phenomena such as proactive and retroactive interference. Building on retrieved temporal context models of memory search (e.g., Polyn, Norman, & Kahana, 2009), we present a substantially revised theory in which memory accumulates across multiple experimental lists, and temporal context is used both to focus retrieval on a target list, and to censor retrieved information when its match to the current context indicates that it was learned in a nontarget list. We show how the resulting model can simultaneously account for a wide range of intralist and interlist phenomena, including the pattern of prior-list intrusions observed in free recall, build-up of and release from proactive interference, and the ability to selectively target retrieval of items on specific prior lists (Jang & Huber, 2008; Shiffrin, 1970). In a new experiment, we verify that subjects' error monitoring processes are consistent with those predicted by the model.",
keywords = "Context, Free recall, List before last, Memory, Model",
author = "Lynn Lohnas and Polyn, {Sean M.} and Kahana, {Michael J.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/a0039036",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "122",
pages = "337--363",
journal = "Psychological Review",
issn = "0033-295X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expanding the scope of memory search

T2 - Modeling intralist and interlist effects in free recall

AU - Lohnas, Lynn

AU - Polyn, Sean M.

AU - Kahana, Michael J.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - The human memory system is remarkable in its capacity to focus its search on items learned in a given context. This capacity can be so precise that many leading models of human memory assume that only those items learned in the context of a recently studied list compete for recall. We sought to extend the explanatory scope of these models to include not only intralist phenomena, such as primacy and recency effects, but also interlist phenomena such as proactive and retroactive interference. Building on retrieved temporal context models of memory search (e.g., Polyn, Norman, & Kahana, 2009), we present a substantially revised theory in which memory accumulates across multiple experimental lists, and temporal context is used both to focus retrieval on a target list, and to censor retrieved information when its match to the current context indicates that it was learned in a nontarget list. We show how the resulting model can simultaneously account for a wide range of intralist and interlist phenomena, including the pattern of prior-list intrusions observed in free recall, build-up of and release from proactive interference, and the ability to selectively target retrieval of items on specific prior lists (Jang & Huber, 2008; Shiffrin, 1970). In a new experiment, we verify that subjects' error monitoring processes are consistent with those predicted by the model.

AB - The human memory system is remarkable in its capacity to focus its search on items learned in a given context. This capacity can be so precise that many leading models of human memory assume that only those items learned in the context of a recently studied list compete for recall. We sought to extend the explanatory scope of these models to include not only intralist phenomena, such as primacy and recency effects, but also interlist phenomena such as proactive and retroactive interference. Building on retrieved temporal context models of memory search (e.g., Polyn, Norman, & Kahana, 2009), we present a substantially revised theory in which memory accumulates across multiple experimental lists, and temporal context is used both to focus retrieval on a target list, and to censor retrieved information when its match to the current context indicates that it was learned in a nontarget list. We show how the resulting model can simultaneously account for a wide range of intralist and interlist phenomena, including the pattern of prior-list intrusions observed in free recall, build-up of and release from proactive interference, and the ability to selectively target retrieval of items on specific prior lists (Jang & Huber, 2008; Shiffrin, 1970). In a new experiment, we verify that subjects' error monitoring processes are consistent with those predicted by the model.

KW - Context

KW - Free recall

KW - List before last

KW - Memory

KW - Model

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926321344&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84926321344&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0039036

DO - 10.1037/a0039036

M3 - Article

C2 - 25844876

AN - SCOPUS:84926321344

VL - 122

SP - 337

EP - 363

JO - Psychological Review

JF - Psychological Review

SN - 0033-295X

IS - 2

ER -