Executive functioning in high-IQ adults with ADHD

K. M. Antshel, S. V. Faraone, K. Maglione, A. E. Doyle, R. Fried, L. J. Seidman, J. Biederman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background To examine the association between psychological tests of executive functioning and functional outcomes among high-IQ adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).Method Subjects were high-IQ adults with (n=64) and without ADHD (n=53). Subjects were administered a battery of neuropsychological tests assessing executive functioning.Results High-IQ adults with ADHD performed less well than those without ADHD on several psychological tests of executive functioning, including the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), Stroop Color and Word Test, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCF), California Verbal Learning Test (CVLT) and an auditory continuous performance test (CPT). Test performance in the high-IQ adult ADHD group, however, was average. In the entire sample, performance on several tests of executive functioning including the ROCF and the CVLT were significant predictors of real-world functioning.Conclusions High-IQ adults with ADHD perform less well on tests of executive functioning relative to high-IQ control participants. Performance on several tests of executive functioning was a significant predictor of functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1909-1918
Number of pages10
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adult ADHD
  • IQ
  • executive functioning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Antshel, K. M., Faraone, S. V., Maglione, K., Doyle, A. E., Fried, R., Seidman, L. J., & Biederman, J. (2010). Executive functioning in high-IQ adults with ADHD. Psychological Medicine, 40(11), 1909-1918. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291709992273