Evolution of the structural chemistry of vanadium organodiphosphonate networks and frameworks: Structural consequences of fluoride incorporation in the development of stable phases with void channels

Wayne Ouellette, Hui Yu Ming, Charles J. O'Connor, Jon Zubieta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrothermal reactions of solutions containing a vanadate source, an organodiphosphonate, an organonitrogen component, and HF (V/P/O/F) yield a series of oxyfluorovanadium-diphosphonates with charge-compensation provided by organoammonium cations or hydronium cations. While V/P/O/F networks provide the recurrent structural motif, the linkage between the layers and the details of the polyhedral connectivities within the layers are quite distinct for the five structures of this study. [H2pip][V4F4O 2(H2O)2{O3P(CH2) 3PO3}2] (1) (pip = piperazine) is a conventional three-dimensional (3D) "pillared" layer structure, whose V/P/O/F networks are buttressed by the propylene chains of the diphosphonate ligands. In contrast, [H2en][V2O2F 2(H2O)2{O3P(CH2) 4PO3}] (2) and [H2en]2[V 6F12(H2O)2-{O3P(CH 2)5PO3}2 {HO3P(CH 2)5PO3H}] (3) are two-dimensional (2D) slablike structures constructed of pairs of V/P/O/F networks sandwiching the pillaring organic tethers of the diphosphonate ligands. Despite the common overall topology, the layer substructures are quite different: isolated {VO 5F} octahedra in 2 and chains of corner-sharing {VO3F 3} octahedra in 3. The 3D structure of [H2en] 2[V7O6F4(H2O) 2{O3P(CH2)2PO3}4] ·7H2O (4·7H2O) exhibits a layer substructure that contains the ethylene bridges of the diphosphonate ligands and are linked through corner-sharing octahedral {VO6} sites. The connectivity requirements provide large channels that enclose readily removed water of crystallization. The structure of [H3O][V3F 2(H2O)2{O3P(CH2) 2PO3}2]·3.5H2O (5·3.5H2O) is also 3D. Because of the similiarity with 4·7H2O, it exhibits V/P/O/F layers that include the organic tethers of the diphosphonates and are linked through corner-sharing {VO 6} octahedra. In contrast to the network substructure of 4·7H2O, which contains binuclear and trinuclear vanadium clusters, the layers of 5·3.5 H2O are constructed from chains of corner-sharing {VO4F2} octahedra. Thermal studies of the open framework materials 4 and 5 reveal that incorporation of fluoride into the inorganic substructures provides robust scaffoldings that retain their crystallinity to 450°C and above. In the case of 4, dehydration does not change the powder X-ray diffraction pattern of the material, which remains substantially unchanged to 450°C. In the case of 5, there are two dehydration steps, that is, the higher temperature process associated with loss of coordinated water. This second dehydration results in structural changes as monitored by powder X-ray diffraction, but this new phase is retained to ca. 450°C. The materials of this study exhibit a range of reduced oxidation states: 1 is mixed valence V(IV)/V(III) while 2 and 4·7H2O are exclusively V(IV) and 3 and 5·3.5H2O are exclusively V(III). These oxidation states are reflected in the magnetic properties of the materials. The paramagnetism of 1 arises from the presence of V(III) and V(IV) sites and conforms to the Curie-Weiss law with C = 2.38 em K/(Oe mol) and Θ = -66 K with μeff (300 K) = 4.33 μB. Compounds 3-5 exhibit Curie-Weiss law dependence of magnetism on temperature with μeff (300 K) = 5.45 μB for 3 (six V(III) sites), μeff = 4.60 μB for 4 (seven V(IV) sites) and μeff = 4.13 μB for 5 (two V(III) sites). Compound 2 exhibits antiferromagnetic interactions, and the magnetism may be described in terms of the Heisenberg linear antiferromagnetic chain model for V(IV). The effective magnetic moment at 300 K is 2.77 μB (two V(IV) sites).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7628-7641
Number of pages14
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume45
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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