Evaporation residue cross sections for S32 + Sn112,116,120,124 from x-ray and direct recoil-nucleus measurements

H. Ernst, W. Henning, C. N. Davids, W. S. Freeman, T. J. Humanic, F. W. Prosser, R. A. Racca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Evaporation residue cross sections have been measured for the systems S32 + Sn112,116,120,124 at incident energies between 130 MeV and 247 MeV. Total cross sections were measured by direct detection of recoil nuclei in a particle counter telescope. In addition, total and partial cross sections were determined from K-vacancy production cross sections and K x-ray multiplicities of the evaporation residues. The x-ray multiplicities are of the order of 1 and vary slowly with target mass and incident energy, indicating that x-ray detection can be reliably used to study fusion cross sections induced by heavy projectiles in this mass region. The total evaporation residue cross sections rise with increasing energy, saturate at 190-MeV incident energy, and decrease slightly at higher energies. The saturation value shows distinct differences between systems and ranges from 600 mb for S32 + Sn112 to 800 mb for S32 + Sn124. The gross behavior of the partial evaporation residue cross sections is in agreement with statistical model calculations, but there remain deviations in the element distribution of the evaporation residues which might be explained by contributions from incomplete fusion reactions. As a byproduct we have measured K-vacancy production cross sections for atomic excitation of the target atoms by the projectiles and compared them with theoretical predictions. [NUCLEAR REACTIONS S32 + Sn112,116,120,124, evaporation residue cross sections (E,) and (E,Z), K x-ray cross sections and multiplicities; statistical model calculations.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-476
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review C
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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