Ethics and Governance of Artificial Intelligence: A Survey of Machine Learning Researchers (Extended Abstract)

Baobao Zhang, Markus Anderljung, Lauren Kahn, Noemi Dreksler, Michael C. Horowitz, Allan Dafoe

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) researchers play an important role in the ethics and governance of AI, including through their work, advocacy, and choice of employment. Nevertheless, this influential group's attitudes are not well understood, undermining our ability to discern consensuses or disagreements between AI/ML researchers. To examine these researchers' views, we conducted a survey of those who published in two top AI/ML conferences (N = 524). We compare these results with those from a 2016 survey of AI/ML researchers and a 2018 survey of the US public. We find that AI/ML researchers place high levels of trust in international organizations and scientific organizations to shape the development and use of AI in the public interest; moderate trust in most Western tech companies; and low trust in national militaries, Chinese tech companies, and Facebook. While the respondents were overwhelmingly opposed to AI/ML researchers working on lethal autonomous weapons, they are less opposed to researchers working on other military applications of AI, particularly logistics algorithms. A strong majority of respondents think that AI safety research should be prioritized more and a majority that ML institutions should conduct pre-publication review to assess potential harms. Being closer to the technology itself, AI/ML researchers are well placed to highlight new risks and develop technical solutions, so this novel data has broad relevance. The findings should help to improve how researchers, private sector executives, and policymakers think about regulations, governance frameworks, guiding principles, and national and international governance strategies for AI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 31st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2022
EditorsLuc De Raedt, Luc De Raedt
PublisherInternational Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Pages5787-5791
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781956792003
StatePublished - 2022
Event31st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2022 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Jul 23 2022Jul 29 2022

Publication series

NameIJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
ISSN (Print)1045-0823

Conference

Conference31st International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI 2022
Country/TerritoryAustria
CityVienna
Period7/23/227/29/22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence

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