Ethanol-induced alterations of the antioxidant defense system in rat kidney

Diana Dinu, Marina T. Nechifor, Liviu Movileanu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


We report here the effects of chronic ethanol consumption on the antioxidant defense system in rat kidney. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided in two identical groups and were treated as follows: control group (water for fluid) and the ethanol-fed group (2 g/kg body weight/24 h). The animals were sacrificed after 10 weeks, and respectively 30 weeks of ethanol consumption, and the renal tissue was isolated and analyzed. Results revealed that kidney alcohol dehydrogenase activities increased significantly after ethanol administration, but the electrophoretic pattern of alcohol dehydrogenase isoforms was unmodified. The SDS polyacrylamide-gel electrophoretic study of kidney proteins has revealed the appearance of two new protein bands after long-term ethanol consumption. The kidney reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione ratio decreased, indicating an oxidative stress response due to ethanol ingestion. The malondialdehyde contents and xanthine oxidase activities were unchanged. The antioxidant enzymatic defense system showed a different response during the two periods of ethanol administration. After 10 weeks, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase were activated, while superoxide dismutase, glutathione transferase, and γ-glutamyltranspeptidase levels were stationary. After 30 weeks, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities were unmodified, but catalase, glutathione transferase, γ- glutamyltranspeptidase, glutathione reductase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities were significantly increased. Remarkable changes have been registered after 30 weeks of ethanol administration for glutathione reductase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities, including an increase by 106 and 216% of control values, respectively. These results showed specific changes in rat kidney antioxidant system and glutathione status as a consequence of long-term ethanol administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-395
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006


  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase
  • Antioxidant Enzymes
  • Ethanol
  • Glutathione
  • Kidney
  • Oxidative Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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