Epitaxial Growth of Lead-Free Double Perovskite Shell for CsPbX3/Cs2SnX6 (X = Cl, Br, and I) Core/Shell Perovskite Nanocrystals with Enhanced Photoelectric Properties and Stability

Hanjie Lin, Shuya Li, Yuchen Zhang, Chun Chu, Walker MacSwain, Robert W. Meulenberg, Quinn Qiao, Dong Zhao, Weiwei Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

All-inorganic lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have great optoelectronic properties with promising applications in light-emitting diodes (LEDs), lasers, photodetectors, solar cells, and photocatalysis. However, the intrinsic toxicity of Pb and instability of the NCs impede their broad applications. Shell-coating is an effective method for enhanced environmental stability while reducing toxicity by choosing non-toxic shell materials such as metal oxides, polymers, silica, etc. However, multiple perovskite NCs can be encapsulated within the shell material and a uniform epitaxial-type shell growth of well-isolated NCs is still challenging. In this work, lead-free vacancy-ordered double perovskite Cs2SnX6 (X = Cl, Br, and I) shells are epitaxially grown on the surface of CsPbX3 NCs by a hot-injection method. The effectiveness of the non-toxic double perovskite shell protection is demonstrated by the enhanced environmental and phase stability against UV illumination and water. In addition, the photoluminescence quantum yields (PL QYs) increase for the CsPbCl3 and CsPbBr3 NCs after shelling because of the type I band alignment of the core/shell materials, while enhanced charge transport properties obtained from CsPbI3/Cs2SnI6 core/shell NCs are due to the efficient charge separation in the type II core/shell band alignment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Keywords

  • charge transport
  • core/shell structure
  • environmental stability
  • lead-free perovskite
  • perovskite nanocrystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomaterials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrochemistry

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