Compared to bulk perovskites, charge transport in perovskite quantum dot (PQD) solids is limited. To address this issue, energetically aligned capping ligands were used to prepare methylammonium lead bromide (MAPbBr3) PQDs toward enhancing surface charge carrier density in PQD solids. Trans-cinnamic acid (TCA) and its derivates, functionalized with electron-donating or electron-withdrawing groups to modulate energy levels, are used as passivating exciton-delocalizing ligands (EDLs) to decrease the energy gap with respect to the PQD core. 3,3-Diphenylpropylamine (DPPA) ligand is shown to stabilize EDLs on the PQD surface through π-πstacking intermolecular interaction, mitigating charge trapping and nonradiative decay. Passivation using EDLs in combination with DPPA increases the photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield (QY) (90%), photoconductivity, extraction, mobility, transport time, and lifetime of charge carriers in PQD solids. Prototype PQD-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were demonstrated with a low turn-on voltage of 2.5 V.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry