Enhancement of REM sleep with auditory stimulation in young and old rats

Gloria Arankowsky-Sandoval, William S. Stone, Paul E. Gold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Auditory stimulation applied during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep enhances the duration of REM sleep in cats and humans. The present experiment investigated whether auditory stimulation would enhance REM sleep in young (3-6 months) rats, and also in old (22-24 months) rats which have impaired REM sleep. Baseline sleep records were obtained on two days. Sleep patterns were then assessed during auditory stimulation test sessions. In young rats, auditory stimulation was administered during each REM sleep bout. In old rats, auditory stimulation was administered on a fixed schedule (10 min of stimulation alternating with 15 min quiet). The day after the stimulation session, an additional sleep record (Day 2) was obtained for each rat. In young rats, auditory stimulation enhanced both REM sleep duration and total REM sleep time. In the old rats, which showed impaired sleep measures as compared to young animals, auditory stimulation enhanced both total REM sleep time and the number of REM sleep periods. Residual proactive effects of auditory stimulation (Day 2) were observed in both young and old rats. Thus, auditory stimulation is an effective manipulation with which to augment REM sleep in both young and old rats, and partially attenuates REM sleep impairments in old rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-357
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 4 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Auditory stimulation
  • Fischer-344
  • REM sleep
  • Rat
  • Sleep impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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