Engagement, experience, and satisfaction with peer-delivered whole health coaching for veterans with PTSD: A mixed methods process evaluation

Emily M. Johnson, Kyle Possemato, Saima Khan, Matthew Chinman, Stephen A. Maisto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

To describe the process of peer-delivered Whole Health Coaching, a primary care-based intervention in which peers provide patients with individualized support to set and work toward wellness goals. Fifteen primary care Veterans with PTSD participated in peer-delivered Whole Health Coaching during a multiple baseline design study. This is a planned mixed methods concurrent equal status analysis of the process of peer-delivered Whole Health Coaching including patient engagement, patient experience, fidelity to the coaching and peer roles, and patient satisfaction. Data sources were feedback interviews, electronic medical record reviews, self-report assessments, and observer fidelity ratings of session recordings. Qualitative data were used to expand the interpretation of quantitative descriptive data. A rapid assessment approach was used for qualitative analysis. Retention in peer-delivered Whole Health Coaching was 11 of 15 participants, and factors facilitating engagement were peers as providers and flexibility in scheduling/modality of sessions. Peers demonstrated high fidelity to coaching skills, Whole Health Coaching phases and stages, and the peer role. Participants expressed high satisfaction and perceived peer-delivered Whole Health Coaching as helpful with making progress on individualized wellness goals. Results build on the literature describing the expansion of peer services into primary care and implementation of interventions such as wellness coaching. This initial small study suggests that peers can deliver high-quality wellness coaching, and this description of the process can guide the integration of peers doing wellness coaching in similar clinical settings and for future research trials. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-316
Number of pages12
JournalPsychological Services
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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