Energy and cost minimization of bidirectional frequency regulation service by EV following FERC order 755

Mohammad Nikkhah Mojdehi, Prasanta K Ghosh, Makan Fardad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Increasing share of renewable energy sources in the electric sector, forces the system operators to include new resources for frequency regulations with fast ramping. Electric vehicles (EVs) with fast charging and short battery reaction time are becoming promising source for frequency regulations. Therefore, it is worthwhile to evaluate EV's abilities and associated cost to participate in the frequency regulation activity. In this paper, we first present a linear model of EV operating in charging/discharging mode and impact of battery degradation during these activities. We then define a cost function for EV operation and its minimization using linear programming. After calculating the optimal operating points of EV, a novel framework was developed to calculate optimal bidding components of EV, regulation capacity and energy cost function to participate in the regulation market. Simulation results show the efficiency of the developed linear model. Results also provide pathways for possible opportunities of revenue stream for the EV owner, by offering the regulation up/down services, without limiting the EV owners level of comfort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Volume2015-September
ISBN (Print)9781467380409
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2015
EventIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2015 - Denver, United States
Duration: Jul 26 2015Jul 30 2015

Other

OtherIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2015
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period7/26/157/30/15

Keywords

  • battery degradation
  • electric vehicle
  • frequency regulation
  • linear program

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Mojdehi, M. N., Ghosh, P. K., & Fardad, M. (2015). Energy and cost minimization of bidirectional frequency regulation service by EV following FERC order 755. In IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting (Vol. 2015-September). [7285982] IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/PESGM.2015.7285982