Elongation factor 1Bγ (eEF1Bγ) expression during the molting cycle and cold acclimation in the crayfish Procambarus clarkii

Christopher M. Gillen, Yongping Gao, Margaret M. Niehaus-Sauter, Meredith R. Wylde, Michele Wheatly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eukaryotic elongation factor 1Bγ (eEF1Bγ) is a subunit of elongation factor 1 (EF1), which regulates the recruitment of amino acyl-tRNAs to the ribosome during protein synthesis in eukaryotes. In addition to structural roles within eEF1, eEF1Bγ has properties which suggest sensory or regulatory activities. We have cloned eEF1Bγ from axial abdominal muscle of freshwater crayfish, Procambarus clarkii. The predicted amino acid sequence has 66% identity to Locusta migratoria eEF1Bγ and 65% identity to Artemia salina eEF1Bγ. We measured eEF1Bγ expression by real-time PCR, using the relative quantification method with 18s ribosomal RNA as an internal calibrator. eEF1Bγ expression was lowest in gill, axial abdominal muscle, and hepatopancreas, and was highest in the antennal gland (5.7-fold above hepatopancreas) and cardiac muscle (7.8-fold above hepatopancreas). In axial abdominal muscle, eEF1Bγ expression was 4.4-fold higher in premolt and 11.9 higher in postmolt compared to intermolt. In contrast, eEF1Bγ was decreased or unchanged in epithelial tissues during pre- and postmolt. eEF1Bγ expression in the hepatopancreas was 3.5-fold higher during intermolt compared to premolt and was unchanged in gill and antennal gland. No significant differences in eEF1Bγ were found after 1 week of acclimation to 4 °C. These results show that eEF1Bγ is regulated at the mRNA level with tissue-specific differences in expression patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-176
Number of pages7
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume150
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Cold acclimation
  • Crayfish
  • Elongation factor
  • Molting cycle
  • Real-time PCR
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology

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