Electrospinning of polymeric nanofibers: Analysis of jet formation

Jr Senador, M. T. Shaw, P. T. Mather

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Producing nanofiber-diameter polymeric fibers presents an attractive and robust approach toward the processing of nanocomposites, with applications ranging from clear optical components to toughened structural materials. In this work, we are examining the electrospinning process for the production of nanometer-diameter polymer fibers, giving particular attention to the following key features: jet-initiation, fiber architecture, and fiber distribution. A wide range of polymer systems and polymer-solvent combinations were studied in order to broaden the applicability of our conclusions to other systems. Specifically, a dimensional analysis was applied to jet-formation data obtained by quantifying the conditions required for the expulsion of fibers from a charged capillary to a grounded collection plate. The relationships between various dimensionless groups were compared with the expressions for the critical voltage that have been proposed for electrospinning of polymer solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)KK591-KK596
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume661
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
EventFilled and Nanocomposite Polymer Materials - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 27 2000Nov 30 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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