Effects of mode ratio, ply orientation and precracking on the delamination toughness of a laminated composite

J. J. Polaha, B. D. Davidson, R. C. Hudson, A. Pieracci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Results are presented from an investigation of the effects of mode ratio, interfacial ply orientation and precracking on the delamination toughness of a graphite/ epoxy composite. Delamination toughness tests were performed on specimens that exhibited growth at0°/0°, 15°/15°, 15°/-15°, 30°/30° and 30°/-30° interfaces. Three mode ratios were considered. The double cantilever beam test was utilized for pure mode I, the end-notched flexure test was used for pure mode II, and the symmetrically delaminated single leg bending test was used for a mixed-mode condition, GII/G, equal to approximately 0.4. All five interfaces were tested in both precracked and non-precracked conditions at each mode ratio. Also, for the 30°/30° and 30°/-30° interfaces, two different stacking sequences were used to assess the effect of remote ply orientation on the perceived mode I and mode II toughness. For any mode ratio and interface angle, it was found that precracked toughness values were always lower than the corresponding non-precracked result. No other consistent trends were observed in all of the data. For the mode I tests, the 30/30 interface exhibited the lowest toughness, for the mixed-mode tests, the 0/0 interface produced a minimum toughness, and for mode II no significant effect of interface angle on toughness was observed. These results are interpreted with the aid of recent three dimensional finite element analyses for energy release rate distributions along the delamination front for the different stacking sequences and test geometries. The accuracy of various data reduction techniques are also evaluated, and suggestions are made for future testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-173
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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