The lipid profile of isolated gastric superficial epithelial cells (SEC) was evaluated by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-NMR). The most conspicuous resonance band in SEC spectra was due to the protons of +N(CH3)3 groups of phosphatidylcholine and, to a lesser degree, other phospholipid derivatives, on the basis of their chemical shift and addition of purified phospholipids. NMR of cell lysates and phospholipid extracts of SEC in deutero-chloroform provided further spectral resolution of these components. Phospholipase or ethanol treatments of SEC produced membrane disorganization reflected as increased peak intensity of the phospholipid signals. In addition, ethanol, in a dose-dependent manner, attenuated paranitrophenyl phosphatase activity, which correlated with inhibition of total and ouabain-sensitive 86Rubidium chloride uptake by SEC. This study suggests that NMR used in conjunction with other biochemical techniques can monitor SEC membrane structure-function relationships. NMR is a potentially powerful noninvasive probe to show changes in lipid membrane organization induced by low concentrations of ethanol (1%) and may indicate an early sign of 'cytotoxicity' in intact SEC.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||2 (15/2)|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)