Effects of alcohol, instructions, and consumption rate on affect and physiological sensations

Gerard J. Connors, Stephen A. Maisto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sixty-four male normal drinkers participated in a study designed to assess the effects of alcohol, instructions that one has consumed alcohol, and rate of alcohol consumption on self-reports of affect and physiological sensations. Subjects were instructed that they would be consuming either an alcoholic or a nonalcoholic beverage, were actually administered either an alcoholic or a nonalcoholic beverage, and consumed their beverages at either a slow or rapid rate. The results showed that consumption of a moderate dose of alcohol induced positive affect and produced a variety of changes in physiological sensations. Instructions and consumption rate also selectively influenced some affects and sensations. These results suggest the need for controlling instructions and consumption rate in future research on alcohol's effects on affect and physiological sensations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Alcohol
  • Expectancies
  • Sensations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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