Effect of selenium and molybdenum on methylbenzylnitrosamine-induced esophageal lesions and tissue trace metals in the rat

J. D. Bogden, H. R. Chung, F. W. Kemp, K. Holding, K. S. Bruening, Y. Naveh

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Abstract

Thirty-six weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: 1) SE rats received 4.0 ppm selenium as sodium selenite in drinking water containing 1% sucrose; 2) 15MO rats received 15 ppm molybdenum as sodium molybdate in the drinking water; 3) 45MO rats received 45 ppm molybdenum in their water; and 4) CON rats received distilled-deionized water containing only 1% sucrose. The esophageal carcinogen methylbenzylnitrosamine (MBN) was administered intragastrically in 10% ethanol twice per week for 5 week at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg. MBN dosing was followed by a 12-wk period for tumor promotion. After this, heart, lungs, liver, spleen, kidneys, testes, tibia, muscle, brain and esophagus were excised. The esophagus was examined for MBN-induced lesions using dissecting and light microscopes and a portion was analyzed for Se. All other tissues were analyzed for Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn; some were also analyzed for Se and Mo. Most rats had precancerous lesions, and all rats had papillomas. There were no significant differences among the four treatment groups in the incidence and number per rat of precancerous lesions or gross papillomas. The SE group had significantly fewer carcinomas per rat than the other groups. The SE rats exhibited a number of significant differences in tissue trace element concentrations; in particular, they had higher Fe concentrations in heart, kidney and spleen than the other rats. The SE rats also had significantly greater urinary excretion of Mn and Fe, and excretion of the latter elements was significantly correlated with that of selenium. It is possible that the anti-tumor activity of Se is related to its effects of the metabolism of other essential trace elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2432-2442
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume116
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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