Effect of methyl methacrylate/polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane random copolymers in compatibilization of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) blends

Wenhua Zhang, Bruce X. Fu, Y. Seo, Eric Schrag, B. Hsiao, Patrick T. Mather, Nan Loh Yang, Dayi Xu, Harald Ade, Miriam Rafailovich, Jonathan Sokolov

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119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Random copolymers of methyl methacrylate with polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) were synthesized and blended with PS and PMMA homopolymer thin films. The effects of the POSS on phase segregation were studied using a variety of complementary techniques. The results showed that these copolymers were efficient at compatibilizing immiscible polymer blends. Compatibilization occurred when the POSS was grafted onto the backbone and a favorable interaction existed between the POSS functional groups and the PS homopolymers. The consequences of this compatibilization were studied using a comprehensive array of characterization methods and found to be as follows: reduced domain size, increased interfacial width, and greatly improved fracture toughness. This compatibilization is due to the increased site functionality provided by the POSS molecule without the entropic penalty associated with introducing functionalities via grafting directly onto the polymer chains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8029-8038
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume35
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Zhang, W., Fu, B. X., Seo, Y., Schrag, E., Hsiao, B., Mather, P. T., Yang, N. L., Xu, D., Ade, H., Rafailovich, M., & Sokolov, J. (2002). Effect of methyl methacrylate/polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane random copolymers in compatibilization of polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) blends. Macromolecules, 35(21), 8029-8038. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma020725i