Effect of instructions and feedback on blood alcohol level discrimination training in nonalcoholic drinkers

Stephen A Maisto, V. J. Adesso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present experiment was designed to investigate whether nonalcoholic drinkers can be trained to discriminate their blood alcohol levels on the basis of internal cues. Subjects were 72 male undergraduates classified as heavy drinkers. Subjects came to the laboratory for 3 consecutive sessions, each consisting of 5 blood alcohol level estimation trials. The 2 manipulated independent variables factorially combined were beverage sequence and administration of blood alcohol level feedback. All subjects were told that they would receive mixed drinks containing vodka and tonic on each day, and all subjects received alcohol on Day 1. On Day 2, half of the subjects received alcohol and half received tonic alone; similarly, half of the subjects in each of these groups received either alcohol or tonic on Day 3. No subject received blood alcohol level feedback on Day 1, and one third of the subjects did not receive feedback on Days 2 and 3. The remaining subjects received feedback on Day 2; half of the latter subjects also received feedback on Day 3, and half did not. The data show that subjects did not learn to discriminate their blood alcohol levels on the basis of internal cues. The results are discussed in reference to the utility of blood alcohol level discrimination training in alcoholism prevention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-636
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Alcohols
Cues
Beverages
Alcoholism
Blood Alcohol Content
Discrimination (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "The present experiment was designed to investigate whether nonalcoholic drinkers can be trained to discriminate their blood alcohol levels on the basis of internal cues. Subjects were 72 male undergraduates classified as heavy drinkers. Subjects came to the laboratory for 3 consecutive sessions, each consisting of 5 blood alcohol level estimation trials. The 2 manipulated independent variables factorially combined were beverage sequence and administration of blood alcohol level feedback. All subjects were told that they would receive mixed drinks containing vodka and tonic on each day, and all subjects received alcohol on Day 1. On Day 2, half of the subjects received alcohol and half received tonic alone; similarly, half of the subjects in each of these groups received either alcohol or tonic on Day 3. No subject received blood alcohol level feedback on Day 1, and one third of the subjects did not receive feedback on Days 2 and 3. The remaining subjects received feedback on Day 2; half of the latter subjects also received feedback on Day 3, and half did not. The data show that subjects did not learn to discriminate their blood alcohol levels on the basis of internal cues. The results are discussed in reference to the utility of blood alcohol level discrimination training in alcoholism prevention programs.",
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