Effect of increased preload on the synthesized aortic blood pressure waveform

Kevin S Heffernan, James E. Sharman, Eun Sun Yoon, Eui Jin Kim, Su Jin Jung, Sae Young Jae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


In the present study, we examined the influence of preload augmentation via passive leg elevation (PLE) on synthesized aortic blood pressure, aortic augmentation index (AIx), and aortic capacitance (a reflection of aortic reservoir function). Central and peripheral hemodynamics were measured via tonometry with a generalized transfer function in 14 young, healthy men (age = 24 yr). Aortic blood flow was calculated from the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) velocity-time integral (VTI) using standard two-dimensional echocardiographic-Doppler techniques. Measures were made in the supine position at rest (Pre), during PLE, and during recovery (Post). There was a significant increase in LVOT-VTI, synthesized aortic systolic blood pressure (BP) and AIx from Pre to PLE, with values returning to baseline Post (P < 0.05). There was a reduction in aortic capacitance from Pre to PLE, with values returning to baseline Post (P < 0.05). There was no change in heart rate, systemic arterial compliance, aortic elastance, aortic wave travel timing, or vascular resistance (P > 0.05). Change in AIx from Pre to PLE was associated with change in LVOT-VTI (r = 0.66, P < 0.05) and inversely associated with change in aortic capacitance (r = -0.73, P < 0.05). These data suggest that in a setting of isolated augmented preload with minimal changes in other potential confounders, the morphology of the synthesized aortic BP waveform and AIx may be related to changes in aortic reservoir function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-490
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes



  • Aortic reservoir function
  • Arterial compliance
  • Augmentation index
  • Blood pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)

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