Echolocation in sympatric peale's dolphins (Lagenorhynchus australis) and commerson's dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) producing narrow-band high-frequency clicks

L. A. Kyhn, F. H. Jensen, K. Beedholm, J. Tougaard, M. Hansen, P. T. Madsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

An increasing number of smaller odontocetes have recently been shown to produce stereotyped narrow-band high-frequency (NBHF) echolocation clicks. Click source parameters of NBHF clicks are very similar, and it is unclear whether the sonars of individual NBHF species are adapted to specific habitats or the presence of other NBHF species. Here, we test whether sympatric NBHF species sharing the same habitat show similar adaptations in their echolocation clicks and whether their clicks display signs of character displacement. Wide-band sound recordings were obtained with a six-element hydrophone array from wild Peale's (Lagenorhynchus australis) and Commerson's (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) dolphins off the Falkland Islands. The centroid frequency was different between Commerson's (133±2kHz) and Peale's (129±3kHz) dolphins. The r.m.s. bandwidth was 12±3kHz for both species. The source level was higher for Peale's dolphin (185±6dB re 1 μPa p.-p.) than for Commerson's (177±5dB re 1μpa p.-p.). The mean directivity indexes were 25 dB for both species. The relatively low source levels in combination with the high directivity index may be an adaptation to reduce clutter when foraging in a coastal environment. We conclude that the small species-specific shifts in distribution of centroid frequencies around 130 kHz may reflect character displacement in otherwise-stereotyped NBHF clicks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1940-1949
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume213
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acoustic species separation
  • Acoustics
  • Character displacement
  • Clutter adaptation
  • Static acoustic monitoring
  • Sympatric species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Insect Science

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