Earthquake Induced Forces on Retaining Walls

R. M. Bakeer, S. K. Bhatia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Entry/PoemChapter

2 Scopus citations


In this paper, the authors examine the dynamic earth pressure behind gravity retaining walls. The finite element method was used in modeling a gravity wall retaining a dry-cohesionless backfill. The recorded earth pressure behind full-scale walls during earthquakes, as well as the results of several laboratory tests conducted on small-scale wall models, were used to verify the results of the finite element analysis. The study showed that the magnitude of the earth pressure depends on the frequency and maximum peak acceleration of the earthquake. The study indicated also that the dynamic earth pressure distribution is nonlinear and depends on the mode of displacement in the wall

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationDevelopments in Geotechnical Engineering
Number of pages10
StatePublished - Jan 1987

Publication series

NameDevelopments in Geotechnical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0165-1250

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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