Earthquake Induced Forces on Retaining Walls

R. M. Bakeer, Shobha K Bhatia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


In this paper, the authors examine the dynamic earth pressure behind gravity retaining walls. The finite element method was used in modeling a gravity wall retaining a dry-cohesionless backfill. The recorded earth pressure behind full-scale walls during earthquakes, as well as the results of several laboratory tests conducted on small-scale wall models, were used to verify the results of the finite element analysis. The study showed that the magnitude of the earth pressure depends on the frequency and maximum peak acceleration of the earthquake. The study indicated also that the dynamic earth pressure distribution is nonlinear and depends on the mode of displacement in the wall

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopments in Geotechnical Engineering
Issue numberC
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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