Droplet Evaporation on Porous Nanochannels for High Heat Flux Dissipation

Sajag Poudel, An Zou, Shalabh C. Maroo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Droplet wicking and evaporation in porous nanochannels is experimentally studied on a heated surface at temperatures ranging from 35 to 90 °C. The fabricated geometry consists of cross-connected nanochannels of height 728 nm with micropores of diameter 2 μm present at every channel intersection; the pores allow water from a droplet placed on the top surface to wick into the channels. Droplet volume is also varied, and a total of 16 experimental cases are conducted. Wicking characteristics such as wicked distance, capillary pressure, viscous resistance, and propagation coefficients are obtained at all surface temperatures. Evaporation flux from the nanochannels/micropores is estimated from the droplet experiments but is also independently confirmed via a new set of experiments where water is continuously fed to the sample through a microtube so that it matches the evaporation rate. Heat flux as high as μ294 W/cm2 is achieved from channels and pores. The experimental findings are applied to evaluate the use of porous nanochannel geometry in spray cooling application and is found to be capable of passively dissipating high heat fluxes upto μ77 W/cm2 at temperatures below nucleation, thus highlighting the thermal management potential of the fabricated geometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1853-1860
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 13 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • droplet
  • heated surface
  • nanochannel
  • pores
  • spray cooling
  • thin-film evaporation
  • wicking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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