Downlink Analysis in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Assisted Cellular Networks With Clustered Users

Esma Turgut, M. Cenk Gursoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) operating as aerial base stations (BSs) has emerged as a promising solution especially in scenarios requiring rapid deployments (e.g., in the cases of crowded hotspots, sporting events, emergencies, and natural disasters) in order to assist the ground BSs. In this paper, an analytical framework is provided to analyze the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) coverage probability of UAV assisted cellular networks with clustered user equipments (UEs). Locations of UAVs and ground BSs are modeled as Poison point processes, and UEs are assumed to be distributed according to a Poisson cluster process around the projections of UAVs on the ground. Initially, the complementary cumulative distribution function and probability density function of path losses for both UAV and ground BS tiers are derived. Subsequently, association probabilities with each tier are obtained. SINR coverage probability is derived for the entire network using tools from stochastic geometry. Finally, area spectral efficiency (ASE) of the entire network is determined, and SINR coverage probability expression for a more general model is presented by considering that UAVs are located at different heights. Via numerical results, we have shown that UAV height and path-loss exponents play important roles on the coverage performance. Moreover, coverage probability can be improved with smaller number of UAVs, while better ASE is achieved by employing more UAVs and having UEs more compactly clustered around the UAVs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36313-36324
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - May 26 2018


  • Poisson cluster process
  • Poisson point process
  • SINR coverage probability
  • Thomas cluster process
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
  • cellular networks
  • stochastic geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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