Does proximity to fast food cause childhood obesity? Evidence from public housing

Jeehee Han, Amy Ellen Schwartz, Brian Elbel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examine the causal link between proximity to fast food and the incidence of childhood obesity among low-income households in New York City. Using individual-level longitudinal data on students living in public housing linked to restaurant location data, we exploit the naturally occurring within-development variation in distance to fast food restaurants to estimate the impact of proximity on obesity. Since the assignment of households to specific buildings is based upon availability at the time of assignment to public housing, the distance between student residence and retail outlets—including fast food restaurants, wait-service restaurants, supermarkets, and corner stores—is plausibly random. Our credibly causal estimates suggest that childhood obesity increases with proximity to fast food, with larger effects for younger children who attend neighborhood schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103565
JournalRegional Science and Urban Economics
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Child health and obesity
  • Food environment
  • Public housing
  • Urban neighborhoods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Urban Studies

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