Does Paid Maternity Leave Affect Infant Development and Second-Birth Intentions?

Woosang Hwang, Eunjoo Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given the economic implications of a low-fertility rate, many countries have implemented paid maternity leave to promote births. However, the efficacy of this policy is mostly unknown. We examined whether paid maternity leave in South Korea, which has a fertility rate among the lowest in the world, is directly related to infant development and employed mothers' second-birth intentions, and indirectly associated with these outcomes via parenting stress. Participants included 315 married and employed Korean mothers in the months after giving birth to their first child. Paid maternity leave was beneficial for infant development but was not a solution for promoting second-birth intentions among employed mothers in Korea. Parenting stress adversely affected both infant development and employed mothers' second-birth intentions, and it may therefore need to be considered as work–family policies, fertility issues, and infant development in families are addressed. Implications considering cultural and familial contexts are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-575
Number of pages14
JournalFamily Relations
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Infant development
  • paid maternity leave
  • parenting stress
  • second-birth intentions
  • South Korea
  • work–family policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Does Paid Maternity Leave Affect Infant Development and Second-Birth Intentions?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this