Does gender matter in online courses? A view through the lens of the community of inquiry

Moon Heum Cho, Seongmi Lim, Jieun Lim, Onjoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether gender differences exist in relationships between the three presences – teaching, cognitive and social – in the community of inquiry (CoI) model and online students’ learning experiences measured with perceived learning and course satisfaction. Participants were 657 undergraduates taking online courses at a university in South Korea. Results showed significant differences in sub-elements of cognitive and social presence by gender. In addition, regression analyses revealed that subelements of the CoI predicted online students’ perceived learning and course satisfaction differently by gender. A discussion explains gender differences in online courses in South Korea in which a prerecorded video was the principal modality of learning. Finally, practical implications to enhance diverse students’ success are proposed from the perspective of the CoI model. Implications for practice or policy: • Despite the development of the CoI specifically for a discussion-based online course, it can still be used to predict students’ learning experiences in video-based online learning. • Considering gender difference when designing and developing an online course may enhance student learning experiences in online learning. • Changing the way the videos are created may contribute to enhancing the three presences in the CoI model, which essentially improve online students’ learning experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-184
Number of pages16
JournalAustralasian Journal of Educational Technology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2022


  • Community of inquiry
  • Course satisfaction
  • Gender difference
  • Perceived learning
  • Video-based online learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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