Disability at Work: A Look Back and Forward

Lisa Schur, Kyongji Han, Andrea Kim, Mason Ameri, Peter Blanck, Douglas Kruse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose This article presents new evidence on employment barriers and workplace disparities facing employees with disabilities, linking the disparities to employee attitudes. Methods Analyses use the 2006 General Social Survey to connect disability to workplace disparities and attitudes in a structural equation model. Results Compared to employees without disabilities, those with disabilities report: lower pay levels, job security, and flexibility; more negative treatment by management; and, lower job satisfaction but similar organizational commitment and turnover intention. The lower satisfaction is mediated by lower job security, less job flexibility, and more negative views of management and co-worker relations. Conclusion Prior research and the present findings show that people with disabilities experience employment disparities that limit their income, security, and overall quality of work life. Technology plays an increasingly important role in decreasing employment disparities. However, there also should be increased targeted efforts by government, employers, insurers, occupational rehabilitation providers, and disability groups to address workplace barriers faced by employees with disabilities, and by those with disabilities seeking to return to work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 6 2017

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Keywords

  • Disability
  • Job characteristics
  • Job satisfaction
  • Organizational commitment
  • Turnover intention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy

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