Disability at Work: A Look Back and Forward

Lisa Schur, Kyongji Han, Andrea Kim, Mason Ameri, Peter Blanck, Douglas Kruse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose This article presents new evidence on employment barriers and workplace disparities facing employees with disabilities, linking the disparities to employee attitudes. Methods Analyses use the 2006 General Social Survey to connect disability to workplace disparities and attitudes in a structural equation model. Results Compared to employees without disabilities, those with disabilities report: lower pay levels, job security, and flexibility; more negative treatment by management; and, lower job satisfaction but similar organizational commitment and turnover intention. The lower satisfaction is mediated by lower job security, less job flexibility, and more negative views of management and co-worker relations. Conclusion Prior research and the present findings show that people with disabilities experience employment disparities that limit their income, security, and overall quality of work life. Technology plays an increasingly important role in decreasing employment disparities. However, there also should be increased targeted efforts by government, employers, insurers, occupational rehabilitation providers, and disability groups to address workplace barriers faced by employees with disabilities, and by those with disabilities seeking to return to work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 6 2017

Fingerprint

Workplace
Insurance Carriers
Return to Work
Job Satisfaction
Structural Models
Disabled Persons
Rehabilitation
Quality of Life
Technology
Research
Therapeutics
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Disability
  • Job characteristics
  • Job satisfaction
  • Organizational commitment
  • Turnover intention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy

Cite this

Disability at Work : A Look Back and Forward. / Schur, Lisa; Han, Kyongji; Kim, Andrea; Ameri, Mason; Blanck, Peter; Kruse, Douglas.

In: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 06.11.2017, p. 1-16.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schur, Lisa ; Han, Kyongji ; Kim, Andrea ; Ameri, Mason ; Blanck, Peter ; Kruse, Douglas. / Disability at Work : A Look Back and Forward. In: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. 2017 ; pp. 1-16.
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